A long-overdue and highly anticipated shift is underway that may change the character of the rest of this economic cycle. Specifically, the Federal Reserve (Fed) has finally been able to follow through on its projected rate hike path, including the second hike for 2017 announced at the conclusion of the Federal Open Market Committee’s June 13–14 meeting. This move highlights two important signals — first, the Fed increasingly trusts that the economy has largely met its dual mandate of 2% inflation and full employment, but second and of perhaps even greater importance, it appears there may finally be a new driver — the long-awaited arrival of fiscal policy — that may provide the economic backstop that monetary policy has offered throughout this recent expansion.
Here are several key themes focused on how the change in market leadership may shift through year-end and beyond:
Monetary policy: Slow path to normalization. Maintaining economic growth without extraordinary central bank support will be key.
Business fundamentals: Now taking control. A focus on well-run businesses with the potential for earnings gains.
Economic growth: Confidence not enough, yet. Business and consumer confidence has improved, but greater policy clarity may be needed to spur growth.
Fiscal policy: Pro-growth potential, but when? Fiscal policy support remains likely, but the timetable may be pushed back to 2018.
What are the implications of fiscal policy as a new market driver? Much like a portfolio can benefit from diversification, the economy and markets can benefit from different drivers working at different times. If we have shifted to new market dynamics, including a greater role for corporate profits, understanding the evolving opportunities will be important for diversified investors. As monetary policy powers down, business fundamentals power up, and fiscal policy helps get the U.S. economy off of standby mode. A shift in market control will help us identify opportunities that may arise, navigate the challenges that will inevitably come, and help you stick to your long-term investing plan.